Geologists study how the history, processes, materials, flora and fauna, and systems of the earth have changed over time. Why is this important? The more geologists know about how the earth in its materials, processes, systems, and organisms inhabiting work, the better geologists can use this information to foresee effects of geological events and processes upon the future. With this research, geologists can work in conjunction with other disciplines to create efficient and less damaging ways of sourcing natural resources, protecting people in areas heavily impacted by earth processes (volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides, flooding, etc.), and providing accurate information and analysis of climate change and its effects.

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